How to develop a strategy
Steps for developing a strategy document
Below is an overview of the four main strategic planning steps, together with the scope of their focus (bullets). In the following four chapters of these Guidelines each step will be discussed in greater detail.
Fig 1.1: four strategic planning steps
Step 1: Describe the present: CURRENT STATE
- Parliaments values, mandates and responsibilities
- Parliament's functional areas
- Enabling environment
- Analysis of internal and external environment
Step 2: Imagine the future: VISION STATEMENT
- Vision for the parliament
- Vision for the parliament's functional areas
- Strategic goals and objectives for services, processes and systems
- Technical options
Step 3: Foresee the challenges: GAP ANALYSIS
- Gap analysis
- Identification of challenges and opportunities
Step 4: Define the strategy: ACTION PLANS
- Addressing the challenges
- Strategic recommendations
Step 1 involves information gathering in order to understand and describe the current state of the parliamentary organization, institutional mandates and responsibilities, the parliament's functional areas, services, processes and existing support-systems, concluded by a brief analysis of the internal and external environment and justification of the need for the strategy.
Step 2 involves capturing the view of key stakeholders on the future direction of the parliament, in terms of their vision, strategic goals and objectives for services, processes and systems that are required to support the functional areas and eventually create a better parliament, reflecting its core values, mandates and responsibilities.
Steps 3 and 4 involve a further systematisation and analysis of the information gathered to identify the gaps and challenges, and finally formulate strategic recommendations and action plans.